DaSy Framework: Data Governance and Management (DG) Subcomponent

DaSy Framework: DG tile

Data governance is both an organizational process and a structure. Data governance establishes responsibility for data, organizing program staff to collaboratively and continuously improve data quality through the creation and enforcement of policies, roles, responsibilities, and procedures. Management is the development, implementation, and enforcement of policies and procedures (standardization of business processes) to operationalize all aspects of the data system. Management addresses the implementation of data governance policies (via procedures) and oversees the use and operation of the data system.

Data governance exists whether formal or informal. Informal data governance is associated with significant risks. These risks may include:

  • questionable data quality, security, and usefulness
  • difficulty in maintaining consistent and reliable data and processes;
  • unclear roles and responsibilities of internal and external staff relative to the data; and
  • inappropriate data sharing with internal and external staff and across external agencies.

Formal data governance exists in written form. The benefits of formal data governance include:

  • increased likelihood that data are of high quality and protected;
  • increased use of data in ways consistent with the purpose and vision of the data system;
  • increased confidence in data and associated processes (e.g., oversight of analysis activities); and
  • improved management, including fiscal efficiency and overall system accountability.

Data governance structures and policies are dynamic ; they must evolve as the programs and policies that drive the data system evolves. They must also be consistent with applicable federal and state regulations and policies. Managing the state data system requires responding to the evolving structures and policies and implementing the associated procedures. Part C and Part B 619 state staff or other designated state staff should be actively engaged in the governance of their data system. (In some states, there may be more than one data governance structure overseeing data that impact Part C/619.)

This subcomponent consists of three sections. The first section, Authority and Accountability, is about establishing the data governance and management structure(s), responsibility, and oversight. The second section, Data Quality and Integrity, addresses policies to ensure data quality (timeliness, completeness, accuracy and reliability) and integrity (maintaining data quality and consistency for data’s intended use throughout their lifecycle). The section also focuses on the implementation of the procedures to ensure consistent application of data quality and integrity policies. The third section, Security and Access, focuses on ensuring appropriate access and the protection of state data from loss, misuse, and contamination.

Section 1: Authority and Accountability

Quality Indicator DG1

The state’s data governance delineates appropriate roles and responsibility for decision-making authority, accountability, and management consistent with the uses of the Part C/619 data system.

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Quality Indicator DG2

Part C/619 staff and other state staff develop and implement data governance policies and procedures to effectively manage the data system.

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Section 2: Data Quality and Integrity

Quality Indicator DG3

Data governance policies and procedures address the quality and integrity of the data.

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Quality Indicator DG4

Part C/619 or other state staff oversee and manage the consistent application of data quality and integrity policies and procedures.

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Section 3: Security and Access

Quality Indicator DG5

Data governance policies and procedures address the security of and access to Part C/619 data.

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Quality Indicator DG6

Part C/619 or other state staff oversee and manage the consistent application of data security and access policies and procedures.

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Resources Related to Data Governance and Management

Published March 2022.